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Men’s Reproductive Health: What you need to know

Men’s reproductive health is a topic that is not often discussed. It is difficult for many men to open up about their reproductive health issues, therefore suffer in silence. That being said, male reproductive health is essential in understanding what issues face in their health and why they’re so much more likely to suffer from erectile dysfunction.

In this article, we’ll try to cover the causes of these problems, their effects on men’s love life and some possible solutions. You might well be familiar with some of these concepts already, but if you aren’t then hopefully this will be an opening towards understanding more about this topic.

What is Reproductive Health in Men?

Reproductive health in men primarily focuses on man’s sex drive, erectile function, and sperm production. This is why it’s so important to understand how the body works, especially for men. Men can have reproductive health issues for several reasons, which we’ll cover below.

A healthy man should have a healthy sex drive, be able to get and maintain an erection and have a healthy load of sperm when he’s in the mood. If anything is not as it should be, it could affect his relationship with his partner and his ability to have children in the future. A man has to understand his body well enough and seek help when something is not right.

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What are the Causes of Male Reproductive Health Issues?

The causes of reproductive health issues in men are different than the causes of reproductive health issues in women and are often caused by issues that affect both sexes but are more likely to affect men. Some of the most common causes of reproductive health issues in men are listed below:

  • Poor Diet: A diet low in fruits and vegetables, as well as high in processed foods, sugar, and alcohol, can damage sperm quality and increase the risk of reproductive health issues. A healthy diet full of colorful fruits, vegetables, fiber, and protein is essential for reproductive health in both men and women. It’s a good idea to talk to your doctor about diet as well, as certain medications can interfere with a man’s diet.
  • Smoking: Studies have shown that men who smoke have a lower quality sperm in comparison to those who do not. Men who smoke had lower sperm count, slower sperm motility, fewer sperm with proper shapes, and more DNA damage to sperm. Smoking may be likely to trigger men who are already on the verge of infertility to cross the line. Men should do their absolute best to quit smoking for optimal reproductive health.
  • Obesity: Jorge Chavarro, assistant professor of nutrition and epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH), and colleagues recently published a study in which they found that overweight and obese men are more likely than their normal-weight counterparts to produce fewer sperm, or even none at all. If a man is overweight or obese, it’s a good idea to lose some weight and maintain a healthy diet.
  • Psychological Stress: When a man is experiencing high levels of stress, it can cause him to eat poorly, feel less inclined to exercise, and smoke more often. In comparison to males who had no stressful life events, researchers discovered that men who had two or more stressful life events in the previous year had lower percentages of sperm that were motile (able to swim) and that were of normal morphology (size and shape).

The Effects of Male Reproductive Health Issues

The effects of a man’s reproductive health issues vary from person to person, and a man’s partner is often the first to notice if something isn’t right. Aside from the emotional effects, there are also physical effects that can affect a man’s sex life and his ability to father a child. Below are some of the common issues related to reproductive health in men:

Photo by Alex Green
  • Poor Sex Life: A man who has issues with erectile dysfunction or poor sex drive will likely have a much lower sense of satisfaction than a man who has a healthy sex drive. He may feel pressured to perform sexually or have low self-esteem around sex due to the problems.
  • Erectile Dysfunction(ED): Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common problem among men in their 30s, but it can occur at any age. ED is when a man has trouble getting an erection. It can be caused by a high blood pressure medication, antidepressants, excessive caffeine, excess alcohol, poor diet, or smoking. If a man is experiencing ED, it’s a good idea to discuss this with his doctor.
  • Low Sperm Count: According to National Health Service(NHS), a low sperm count, also called oligozoospermia, is where a man has fewer than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen. Low sperm count may lead to difficulty in impregnation or complete failure. It’s important to maintain a healthy diet, it’s also a good idea to try to exercise daily and maintain a healthy weight.

How can you solve the problems of men’s reproductive health?

It’s a good idea to visit your doctor and get checked out if you or your spouse are dealing with any of these problems. They might be able to offer some solutions depending on the root of the problems.

It’s a good idea to talk to your partner about your low sex drive or erectile dysfunction and look for ways to spice up your relationship, such as bringing flowers into the bedroom, having sex before bed, experimenting with new positions or changing the scenery every once in a while to rekindle the flames.

If you do not adhere to a proper diet, it’s a good idea to follow a healthy diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. In some cases, a change of diet alone can improve the issues observed and help restore your health.

If you have a low sperm count or poor reproductive health, it’s a good idea to talk to your doctor and see if there are any solutions. Some medications can damage sperm and affect sperm count, and some treatments can be done to improve sperm count.


Reproductive health in men is an important topic, and it deserves more attention and open discussions on different platforms. When you understand how the body works, you can make better decisions and improve your overall health. Now that you know what it is, the next step is to understand how to keep it healthy.

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